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Background

Community Based Sanitation Program in Indonesia, also known as SANIMAS, is a program from the Government of Indonesia that aims at providing access to proper sanitation for Indonesian citizens. Since its initial launching in 2003, SANIMAS has helped provide 8,000 sanitation facilities throughout Indonesia under several programs such as Regular SANIMAS, SANIMAS DAK, SANIMAS USRI, and SANIMAS IDB.

By prioritizing sustainable principles, SANIMAS stresses on the importance of active community involvement in each activity, starting from preparation, construction, to post construction stage where SANIMAS operational and maintenance take place. Community involvement is meant to help empower the community in operating and maintaining sanitation facility independently.

After physical construction is finished, the next stage is operational and maintenance. In this stage, CBO and the community can start making use of SANIMAS facility and performing maintenance in order to keep the facility intact and usable. However, operational and maintenance stages leave out a number of questions. There are no rules that regulate the stage, causing a particular problem when either CBO or users encounter technical, social, or institutional issues beyond their reach. It is due to the fact that CBO is limited to perform only several maintenance activities due to its competence.

Based on AKSANSI monitoring since 2011, problems on post-construction stage are as follows:
1. Decreasing CSC users, due to internal and external factors
2. Increasing technical, social, and institutional issues on old Communal CSC and WWTP Facilities
3. CBO is lacked of motivation in performing operational and maintenance
4. CBO is unable to perform financial/funding innovation
5. CBO wants to remain active and improving
6. Mediator such as AKSANSI is needed to connect CBO with local government